EVANSVILLE, Ind. – Beginning Aug. 15 and continuing until Sept. 12, 2012, the Evansville Water and Sewer Utility will temporarily change the disinfectant used in the water treatment process. EWSU will be using free chlorine rather than chloramines during this time period.
What is Chloramine?
Chloramine is a disinfectant used in drinking water to remove bacteria and viruses that can make you sick. It is made up of chlorine and ammonia. EWSU has used chloramines as the disinfectant in its water
treatment process since 1999.
What is Free Chlorine?
Free chlorine is a slightly stronger disinfectant than chloramines, and may be used to remove more resistant bacteria and viruses that may be found in the water distribution system.
Why Would the Evansville Water and Sewer Utility Convert from Chloramines to Free Chlorine?
This brief, scheduled change in disinfectant is a standard water treatment practice to keep water mains clean and free of potentially harmful bacteria throughout the year. State drinking water guidelines recommend that utilities using chloramines periodically switch to free chlorine for a period of time. The temporary use of chlorine will ensure that a high level of disinfection is maintained throughout the network of water mains and pipes that deliver your drinking water. Free chlorine is a more aggressive disinfectant than chloramines, and this temporary change in the
water treatment process denies bacteria the ability to form resistance to the usual disinfection treatment process. Switching to free chlorine is a proactive step to ensure that we maintain optimal levels of disinfection in the water distribution system.
As always, the drinking water will be regularly monitored to ensure that the water delivered meets, or is better than, federal Safe Drinking Water Act standards.
Why Does EWSU Use Chloramines Most of the Year?
While chlorine is an effective disinfectant, using chlorine alone creates byproducts, which are regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. We can drastically and cost-effectively reduce byproduct levels through the use of chloramines. Chloramine is a better long-term choice because it produces lower levels of disinfectant byproducts like
trihalomethanes, improves the smell and odor of water (compared to chlorine), and lasts longer in the distribution system to prevent bacterial growth.
Will I Notice a Difference in My Water?
Possibly, some customers may notice a slight change in the taste or smell of their tap water. Free chlorine may have a bit of a chemical odor or smell slightly like water in a swimming pool. Each individual customer has his or her own sensitivity level to the taste and/or odor of free chlorine. Many detect no change at all. The mild chlorine taste and smell is normal and poses no health risk.
Are Free Chlorine and Chloraminated Water Safe?
Yes, both forms of chlorine are effective and safe for people and animals for drinking, cooking and bathing, as well as watering the garden, and for all other common uses. However, precautions must be taken to remove or neutralize chloramines and free chlorine during the kidney dialysis process, in the preparation of water for fish tanks and ponds, and for businesses requiring highly processed water. A de-chlorination procedure optimized for chloramine removal will work equally well with free chlorine. People and businesses that normally take special precautions to remove chloramines from tap water, such as dialysis centers, medical facilities and aquatic pet owners, should continue to take the same precautions during the temporary switch from chloramines to free chlorine. Most customers will not need to take any precautions as the water remains safe to drink and is treated according to both state and federal standards.
• Kidney Dialysis
Just like chloramines, free chlorine must be removed from water used in kidney dialysis
machines. EWSU has contacted representatives from the medical community to inform them of
this temporary conversion. We advise customers who are dialysis patients to call their
physicians or dialysis centers if there are any questions.
• Fish Owners
Like chloramines, free chlorine is toxic to fish. Fish owners need to remove chlorine, ammonia
and chloramines from the water before use with tropical fish. Local pet stores carry water
conditioners that remove chloramines and free chlorine. If customers have questions, we
recommend contacting their pet store for information and detailed instructions.
EWSU is committed to providing high-quality water and related services that meet all regulatory
drinking water standards in a manner that prevents pollution, enhances the environment, and promotes
sustainability. If you need further information regarding this change, please contact the Utility at (812)
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